Professor: Eric D. Huntsman
Office: 3010-Q JKHB, ext. 8-2259
Email: huntsman@jkhbhrc.byu.edu
Consultations: MWF 11-11:00 a.m.

Clscs 430R: THE RISE AND FALL OF ATHENS

Winter 1996

MWF 2-2:50 p.m.

Course Description: More than any other city-state in Greece, fifth century Athens exemplifies the apogee of Greek civilization. This semester Classics 430R will study the history of Athens from 509 B.C., the year of Kleisthenes’ "democratic" reforms, through Athens’ period of strength and empire until her fall at the hands of Sparta in 404 B.C. Accordingly the seminar will cover the Persian Wars, the development of the Athenian Empire, and the Peloponnesian War. Any of these three areas could, on its own, form the basis of a serious graduate course; taken together, however, these periods of Athenian history will provide a case study of the "organic" phases of a state’s rise and fall as well as providing a fuller history of Sparta’s animosity towards Athens and a comprehensive view of Persia’s critical role and the beginning and end of the Fifth Century.

This course will focus on issues of constutional development, inter-state relations, and military and political history while not neglecting cultural developments. Significant attention will be given to source issues and criticism: primary literary texts and other documents (in translation) form the core of our study, allowing for significant discussion regarding the developing genre of Greek historiography and for an introduction to the proper use of epigraphy.

Texts: The following texts are available in the B.Y.U. Bookstore and will be used regularly throughout the class:

Fornara, Charles W. Translated Documents of Greece & Rome (Vol. 1, Archaic Time to the End of the Peloponnesian War). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Green, Peter. The Year of Salamis. London: Widenfeld and Nicolson, 1970. [packet]

Herodotus. The Histories. Trans. Aubrey de Sélincourt. New York: Penguin Books, 1972. Hignett, C. Xerxes’ Invasion of Greece. Oxford: Clarnedon Press, 1963. [excerpts in packet]

Kagan, Donald. The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Meiggs, Russell. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Plutarch. The Rise and Fall of Athens. Nine Greek Lives. Trans. Ian Scott-Kilvert. New York: Penguin Books, 1960.

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Trans. Rex Warner. New York: Penguin Books, 1972.
 
 
Copies of the following are being held in the reserve library: [Aristotle]. The Athenian Constitution. Translated by H. Rackham. (Loeb Classical Library, Diodorus vols IV-VI). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971

Bradley, Pamela. Ancient Greece. Using Evidence. Edited by David Patterson. Caufield East Victoria: Edward Arnold (Australia), 1988.

Burn, A. R. Persia and the Greeks. Second Edition. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1984.

Bury, J.B. and Meiggs, Russell. A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great. Fourth Edition. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1975, repr. 1985.

Diodorus. Diodorus of Sicily. Translated by C.H. Oldfather (Loeb Classical Library, Diodorus vols IV-VI). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1946-1954.

Fornara, Charles. Herodotus. Oxford, 1971. Gomme, A.W., A. Andrewes, and K.J. Dover. A Historical Commentary of Thucydides. 5 vols. (Books I-VII). Oxford, 1945-70. Hignett, C. Xerxes’ Invasion of Greece. Oxford: Clarnedon Press, 1974.

How W. W. and Wells, J. A Commentary on Herodotus. 2 volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1912

Kagan, Donald. The Archidamian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1974.

--------. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.

--------. The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.

de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Traill, John S. The Political Organization of Attica; a Study of the Demes, Trittyes, and Phylai, and Their Representation in the Athenian Council. Princeton, N.J.: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1975.

Xenophon. Hellenica I-IV. Trans. Carleton L. Brownson (Loeb Classical Library) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918.

One book is on reserve in the J. Reuben Clark Law library, namely: Hignett, C. A History of the Athenian Constitution to the End of the Fifth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975. The following reference works are available in the Ancient Studies Room: APh L'Année Philologique. Bibliographie critique et analytique de l'antiquié Gréco-Latine (fondée par J. Marouzeau). Paris: Société Internationale de Bibliographie Classique, starting in 1924.

ATL Meritt, B.D., Wade-Gery, H.T., and McGregor, M.F. The Athenian Tribute Lists. 4 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1939-53.

Davies, APF Davies, John Kenyon. Athenian Propertied Families, 600-300 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

Fornara, ABG Fornara, Charles W. The Athenian Board of Generals from 501 to 404. Wiesbaden, F. Steiner, 1971.

FGH Jacoby, Felix. Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. Berlin and Leiden 1923-

Hill, Sources2 Sources for Greek History. Between the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. Collected and arranged by G. F. Hill. Revised by R. Meiggs and A. Andrewes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1951.

IG Inscriptiones Graecae. Berlin, 1873-- Vol. I, I2 (1924), I3 (199?). Inscriptiones Atticae Anno Euclidis Vetustiores

ML Meigg, Russell and Lewis, David. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Rev. ed. Oxford: Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1988, c1969.

OCD Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by N.G.L. Hammond and H.H. Scullard. Second Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

RE Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Edited by G. Wissowa et al. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1893-1978.

SEG Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. Alphen aan den Rijn, 1923- Tod Tod, Marcus N. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Second Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1946. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions, Vol II from 403 to 323 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1948. Reprinted in a single volume, Chicago: Ares, 1985.
Primary sources appear first in each day’s reading assignment, first with documents in translation followed by readings from the ancient historians and biographers. Secondary works from the lists above then appear in the syllabus by their primary author or by their translator/editor. Other books and articles are listed with daily assignments as needed.

Requirements: Clscs 430 is a topical senior seminar, and each meeting presupposes the preparation and participation of the students. All readings should be completed before class except for the rare instances when particularly heavy assignments prompt the instructor to divide the secondary readings among the class members. Students are also responsible for material presented by classmates in reports (see following paragraph).

Seminar participants should come to class prepared to discuss and argue the evidence and positions held for each day’s topic. Each student will give two oral presentations, each lasting approximately 20 minutes and accompanied by a handout and a select bibliography. In most cases the report topics listed in the syllabus provide initial bibliography as a starting point. A substantial paper is due on the last day of class, and in most cases it will be a further development of one of the student’s two oral reports. In addition there will be midterm and final examinations.

Grades will be calculated by the following formula:

Class discussion and participation 20% Oral Presentations and paper 35%

Midterm Examination 20%

Final Examination 25%
 
 

Class Schedule

M08Jan

Course Introduction and Review of Texts

W10Jan

Period Sources

Introductions to the Penguin editions of Herodotus, Thucydides, and Plutarch

Hignett, 25-40

Meiggs, 1-18

Oxford Classical Dictionary articles s.v. "Herodotus (1)," "Hellanicus," "Thucydides (2)," "Aristophanes," "Ephorus," "Xenophon (1)," "Theopompus (3)," "Diodorus (3) Siculus," and "Plutarch." F12Jan

Epigraphic Sources; Reference Works, Tour of BYU’s Ancient Studies Room

Fornara, v-vii, xix-xxii

Meiggs, 18-22 M15Jan

Martin Luther King Holiday; NO CLASS

W17Jan

Archaic Athens (Review)

Fornara nos. 15, 30-31, 37

[Arist.] Ath. Pol. [1]-12

Hdt. 5.55-71 (Penguin, 360-64, 366)

Th. 6.54-9 (Penguin, 443-446)

Bury, 115-132

See also: Plut. Vit. Sol; Bradley, 78-91; Hignett, Constitution, II-IV

F19Jan

Reforms of Kleisthenes (Review)

Fornara nos. 39-42

[Arist.] Ath. Pol. 17-22, 41-69

Hdt. 5.66-75, 6.123 (Penguin, 364-68, 431-32)

Bury, 134-140.

Green, 15-19

Hignett, Constitution, VI

D.M. Lewis, "Kleisthenes and Attika," Historia [D51.A5] 12 (1963), 22-40.

See also: Bradley, 95-106; Burn, 176-192; Traill, 33, 56-58, 64-81 (selections for familiarity with Traille’s methods and conclusions). M22Jan

Persia and the Greeks

Fornara nos. 34-35, 45-46

Hdt. 1.46-140 (Penguin, 57-128) Burn, 127-139

Green, 3-10

Hignett, Invasion, 78-86

See also: Burn, 21-47, 81-142. W24Jan

Ionian Revolt

Hdt. 1.141-216, 5.97-6.47 (Penguin, 379-404)

Burn, 193-217

Green, 10-15, 19-22 Hignett, Invasion, 86 M. Lang, "Herodotus and the Ionian Revolt, Historia 17 (1968) 24-36 Meiggs, 23-30

F26Jan

Marathon

Fornara nos. 48-51

Hdt. 6.94-140 (Penguin, 421-439)

Plut. Vit. Arist. 5

Burn, 221-227, 236-256

D. Gillis, "Marathon and the Alcmaeonids," GRBS 10 (1969) 133-45.

Green, 27-40

Hignett, Invasion, 86-88

Meiggs, 30-32

See also: N.G.L. Hammond, "The Campaign and Battle of Marathon," JHS 88 (1968) 13-57; M.F. McGregor, "The pro-Persian Party at Athens from 510-480 B.C." in Athenian Studies Presented to W.S. Ferguson (Cambridge, Mass., 1940) 71-95. M29Jan

Xerxes and the Invasion

Hdt. 7.1-137 (Penguin, 441-486) Burn, 313-332 Green, 75-80 Hignett, Invasion, 88-96

See also: Diod. 11.1-3

Report: Herodotus and Numbers Hdt. 7.184-187 (Penguin 506-507); Burn, 326-332; How and Wells, 2.363-369; F. Maurice, "The size of the Army of Xerxes in the Invasion of Greece, 480 B.C."JHS 1 (1930) 210-35. W31Jan

The Hellenic League

Fornara nos. 52, 56

Hdt. 7.138-173 (Penguin, 486-502) P.A. Brunt, "The Hellenic League Against Persia," Historia 2 (1953-4) 135-63.

Green, 80-108

Hignett, Invasion, 96-104

See also: Diod. 11.5

Report: Delphi and Persia: Burn, 345-349; Hignett, 439-447 F02Feb

Themistokles

Fornara no. 55

Plut. Vit. Them. 1-6; Vit. Arist. 1-4, 6 Burn, 279-296

Green, 22-27

Hignett, Invasion, 96-104, 458-468 Report: The Themistokles Decree: Burn, 364-377; Chambers, M. "The Significance of the Themistokles Decree," Philologus 111 (1967) 157-69; Charles W. Fornara, "The Value of the Themistokles Decree," AHR 73 (1967) 425-33; M. Jameson, "A Revised Text of the Decree of Themistokles from Troizen," Hesperia 31 (1962) 310-315. M05Feb

Thermopylai

Hdt. 7.174-239 (Penguin, 502-524)

Plut. Vit. Them. 7

Burn, 378-422

Green, 109-143

Hignett, Invasion,105-148

See also: Diod. 11.5-11

Report: Questions About Thermopylai: A.R. Burn, "Thermopylae and Callidromus," in Studies Presented to David Moore Robinson (St. Louis, 1951) 1.480-9; J.A.S. Evans, "The Final Problem at Thermopylae," GRBS 5 (1964) 231-7; Hignett, Invasion, 361-378; M.J. Labarbe, BCH 78 (1952); Pritchett, "New Light on Thermopylai," AJA 62 (1958).
 
 
W07Feb

Artemesion

Hdt. 8.1-39 (Penguin 525-537)

Plut. Vit. Them. 8-9

Green, 143-149

Hignett, Invasion,149-192

See also: Diod. 11.12-13

F09Feb

Salamis

Fornara no. 21

Hdt. 8.40-112 (Penguin, 537-562) Plut. Vit. Them. 10-18; Vit. Arist. 8-10

Green, 153-198

Hignett, Invasion, 193-239

W.F.J. Knight, "The Defence of the Acropolis and the Panic Before Salamis,"JHS 51 (1931) 174-8 See also: Aesch. Pers.; Diod. 11.14-18. Report: Salamis and Historiography: N.G.L. Hammond, "The Battle of Salamis," JHS 76 (1956) 32-54; Hignett, 393-417 M12Feb

Winter of 480/79

Hdt. 8.113-144 (Penguin, 532-575) Green, 201-228

Hignett, Invasion, 240-247, 264-273

C.A. Robinson, "Athenian Politics, 510-486 B.C."AJPh 66 (1945) 243-54 See also: Diod. 11.19

W14Feb

Plataia and Mykale

Fornara nos. 57-60

Hdt. 9.1-113 (Penguin 577-621)

Plut. Vit. Arist. 11-22

Green, 228-283

Hignett, 247-263, 273-288

C.G. Starr, "Why Did the Greeks Defeat the Persians?" PP 17 (1962) 321-9 See also: Diod. 11.27-39

F16Feb

Sestos and Byzantion

Fornara no. 61

Hdt. 9.114-122 (Penguin, 621-624)

Th. 1.89-96, 128-135

Plut. Vit. Them. 19-21; Vit. Arist. 23

Burn, 550-558

Green, 283-287

Kagan, Outbreak, 31-40

Meiggs, 32-41

See also: Diod. 11.41-46.3, 64-59

M19Feb

PRESIDENT’S DAY HOLIDAY; no class

Tu20Feb

TUESDAY IS MONDAY!

The Delian League

Hdt. 9.106, 114 (Penguin, 618, 621-622)

[Arist.] Ath. Pol. 23.1-5 Diod. 11.46.4-47, 50

Plut. Vit. Arist. 24-25, Cim. 4-6

Kagan, Outbreak, 40-44

Meiggs, 42-67, 459-464

de Ste. Croix, 298-307

Report: The Purpose of the Delian League: N.G.L. Hammond, "Origin and Nature of the Athenian Alliance," JHS 87 (1967) 41-61; H.W. Jackson, "The Original Purpose of the Delian League," Historia 18 (1969) 12-16; Larsen, J.A.O. "The Constitution and the Original Purpose of the Delian League," HSCPh 51 (1940) 175-213.

Report: The "Peloponnesian League": Kagan, Outbreak, 9-30; de Ste. Croix, 101-150, 339-342.

W21Feb

The Pentekontaëtia

Fornara nos. 62, 65

Th. 1.97-101, 135-138

Diod. 11.60-62

Plut. Vit. Them. 22-32; Vit. Cim. 7-14

Kagan, Outbreak, 44-48

Meiggs, 68-88 H.D. Westlake, "Thucydides and the Pentecontaetia," CQ n.s. 5 (1955) 53-67 Report: The End of Themistokles: W. den Boer, "Themistokles in Fifth Century Historiography," Mnemosyne 15 (1962) 225-237; R.J. Lenardon, "The Chronology of Themistokles’ Ostracism and Exile," Historia 8 (1959) 23-48; J.L. O’Neil, "The Exile of Themistokles and Democracy in the Peloponnese," CQ n.s. 31 (1981) 335-46.

Report: Athenian Cleruchies and the "Corn Route": A. Graham, Colony and Mother City (Chicago: Ares, 1963, repr. 1971), 166-192. T.S. Noonan, "The Grain Trade of the Northern Black Sea in Antiquity," AJPh 94 (1973) 231-242.

F23Feb

Ephilates and the Radical Democracy

Fornara no. 67

Th. 1.102 Diod. 11.63-64

Plut. Vit. Cim. 15-17; Vit. Per. 3-10

Kagan, Outbreak, 57-74

Meiggs, 88-91

de Ste. Croix, 178-183 Report: Ephilates and the Areopagus: J.R. Cole J.R. "Cimon’s Dismissal, Ephialtes’ Revolution, and the Peloponnesian Wars," GRBS 15 (1974) 369-85; C. Hignett, Constitution, 193-213; D. Stockton, "The Death of Ephialtes," CQ n.s. 32 (1982) 227-8. M26Feb

Land Empire and Egypt

Fornara nos. 72, 74, 77-80, 8, 109

Th. 1.103-108

Plut. Vit. Per. 11, 14-16

Diod. 11.71, 78-84 D.W. Bradeen, "The Athenian Casualty Lists," CQ 19 (1969) 145-59. Kagan, Outbreak, 77-97, 133-153

Meiggs, 92-108

See also: R.J. Buck, "Athenian Domination of Boetia," CP 65 (1972) 217-227. Report: Long Walls and Aristocrats: [Xen.] Ath. Pol. (see also Fornara no. 107); J.P. Boersma, Athenian Builiding Policy (Groningen, 1970); W.S. Ferguson, "The Oligarchical Movement at Athens," CAH V (1940) 321-347; A. Gomme, 1.312-313; R.L. Scranton, "The Fortifications of Athens at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War," AJA 42 (1938) 525-36; R.E. Wycherly, The Stones of Athens (Princeton, 1978). W28Feb

Overextension and Collapse

Fornara nos. 71, 76, 85, 94, 95

Th. 1.109-112 Diod. 12.1-4

Plut. Vit. Cim. 18-19

Kagan, Outbreak, 98-109

Meiggs, 109-151

Report: The Peace of Kallias: H.B. Mattingly, "The Peace of Kallias," Historia 14 (1965) 273-81; C.L. Murison, "The Peace of Callias: Its Historical Context," Phoenix 25 (1971) 12-31; J.H. Oliver, "The Peace of Kallias and the Pontic Expedition of Pericles," Historia 6 (1957) 254-5; R. Sealey, "The Peace of Callias Once More," Historia 3 (1954-5) 325-333; G.E.M. de Ste. Croix, Origins, 310-314; D. Stockton, "The Peace of Kallias," Historia 8 (1959) 61-79.
F02Mar

The Thirty Years’ Peace

Fornara no. 97

Th. 1.113-115

Diod. 12.5-7, 22, 26.2

Plut. Vit. Cim. 13.4-5; Vit. Per. 12-13, 17-18, 21-23

Kagan, Outbreak, 109-130

Meiggs, 152-188

Report: The Congress Decree and the Periklean Building Program: R. Meiggs, "The Political Implications of the Parthenon," GR 10 (1963) Suppl., 36-45; R. Seager, "The Congress Decree: Some Doubts and a Hypothesis," Historia 18 (1969) 129-141.

Report: Coinage Decree: H.B. Mattingly, "The Athenian Coinage Decree," Historia (1961) 148-188; E.S.G. Robison, "The Athenian Currency Decree and the Coinage of the Allies," Hesperia Suppl. 8 (1949) 324-340.

M04Mar

MIDTERM EXAM

W06Mar

The Revolt of Samos

Fornara nos. 111, 113, 115

Th. 1.115-117

Diod. 12. 30

Plut. Vit. Per. 24-28

A.B. Bridges, "The Athenian Treaty With Samos, ML 56," JHS 100 (1980) 185-8 C.W. Fornara, "On the Chronology of the Samian War," JHS 99 (1979) 7-17

Kagan, Outbreak, 170-178

Meiggs, 188-195

F08Mar

The Administration of Empire

Fornara nos. 99, 102-103, 107

Kagan, Outbreak, 179-192 Meiggs, 205-233, 291-305 Report: Democracy and the Popularity of Empire: D.W. Bradeen, D.W. "The Popularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 9 (1960) 257-269; H.W. Plekt, "Thasos and the Popularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 12 (1963) 70-77; T.J. Quinn, "Thucydides and the Unpopularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 13 (1964) 257-266; de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. "The Character of the Athenian Empire." Historia 3 (1954/5) 1-41. M12Mar

Tribute and the Fruits of Empire

Fornara nos. 98, 117-120 Meiggs, 234-290 Report: The Athenian Tribute Lists: Look through ATL (at least vol. 3); S. Dow, "Studies in the Athenian Tribute Lists," CP 37 (1942) 371-84 and "Studies in the Athenian Tribute Lists. II," CP 38 (1943) 129-134; A.W. Gomme, "Two Notes on the Athenian Tribute Lists," CR 54 (1940) 65-69; Merrit. B.D. "The Early Athenian Tribute Lists," CP 38 (1943) 223-239. W14Mar

War Causes I: Epidamnos, Kerkyra, and Potidaia

Fornara no. 126

Th. 1.1-65 Plut. Vit. Per. 29 Kagan, Outbreak, 205-250, 273-285

See also: Diod. 12.30-34

Report: Korinth and Athens: J.B. Salmon, Wealthy Corinth. A History of the City to 338 B.C. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984), 257-305; de Ste. Croix, Origins, 211-224.
F16Mar

War Causes II: Megara and Sparta

Fornara nos. 116, 122-123

Th. 1.66-88, 118-125, 139-146

Plut. Vit. Per. 30-32 A. Andrewes, "Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War," CQ n.s. 9 (1959) 223-239 Kagan, Outbreak, 193-202, 251-342 See also: Diod. 12.39; A. Andrewes, "The Opposition to Perikles," JHS 98 (1978) 1-8; Kagan, Outbreak, 345-374.

Report: The Megarian Decrees: B. McDonald, "The Megarian Decree," Historia 32 (1983) 385-410; de Ste. Croix, Origins, 225-289.

M18Mar

The Beginning of the Archidamian War

Fornara no. 127-130

Th. 2

Plut. Vit. Per. 33-39

Kagan, AW, 17-123

Meiggs, 306-311 See also: Diod. 12.40-54; M.H. Hansen, "The Number of Athenian Hoplites in 431 B.C." SO 56 (1981) 19-32 Report: The Plague: R.J. and M.L. Littman, "The Athenian Plague: Smallpox," TAPhA 100 (1969) 261-75; D.L. Page, "Thucydides’ Description of the Great Plague at Athens," CQ n.s. 3 (1953) 97-119; J.C.F. Poole and A.J. Holladay, "Thucydides and the Plague of Athens," CQ n.s. 29 (1979) 282-300. W20Mar Report: The Periklean Policy Reviewed -- the Question of Finance: A.W. Gomme, "Thucydides ii 13,3" Historia 2 (1953-4) 1-21 and HCT 432-6; D. Kagan, AW, 350-364; L. Kallet-Marx, "The Kallias Decree, Thucydides, and the Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War," CQ n.s. 39 (1989) 94-113; H.B. Mattingly, "Athenian Finance in the Peloponnesian War," BCH 92 (1968) 450-84; I.G. Spence, "Perikles and the Defence of Attika During the Peloponnesian War," JHS 10 (1990) 91-109. Mytilene, Plataia, and Kerkyra

Fornara no. 131

Th. 3.1-102

Kagan, AW, 124-186

Meiggs, 311-323

See also: Diod. 12.55-59; H.D. Westlake, "The Commons at Mytilene," Historia 25 (1976) 429-40.

F22Mar

Demosthenes and the "Aggressive" Policies of 426-425

Fornara nos. 135, 135

Th. 3.103-4.57

Plut. Vit. Nic. 1-8

Kagan, AW, 187-259

See also: Diod. 12.60-63

M25Mar

The Tribute Reassesment of 425

Fornara nos. 133-134, 136, 139-140

Meiggs, 324-339

B.D. Merritt and H.T. Wade-Gery, "Pylos and the Assessment of Tribute," AJPh 57 (1936) 377-94. See also: Commentary to ML no. 69 (pp. 192-199)
 
 
W27Mar

Sicilian Stirrings; Brasidas and Amphipolis

Fornara nos. 81, 91, 124-125.

Th. 4.58-135, 6.1-7

Kagan, AW, 260-304

H.D. Westlake, "Thucydides and The Fall of Amphipolis," Hermes 90 (1962) 276-87

See also: Diod. 12.66-73.

Report: Early Athenian Ties in Sicily: M. Chambers, R. Gallucci, and P. Spanos, "Athens’ Alliance with Egesta in the Year of Antiphon," ZPE 83 (1990) 38-63; H.B. Mattingly, "The Growth of Athenian Imperialism," Historia 12 (1963) 257-73; J.D. Smart, "Athens and Egesta," JHS 92 (1972) 128-46.
F29Mar

The Peace of Nikias

Th. 5

Plut. Vit. Nic. 9-10

Kagan, AW, 305-349; PNSE, 19-77 (skim 78-155)

Meiggs, 340-350

See also: Diod. 12.73-82; A. Andrewes, "The Melian Dialogue and Perikles’ Last Speech," PCPhS 186.6 (1960) 1-10; R. Seager, "After the Peace of Nicias. Diplomacy and Policy, 421-416 B.C." CQ n.s. 26 (1976) 249-69.

Report: The Siege of Melos: M. Amit, "The Melian Dialogue and History," Athenaeum 46 (1968) 216-235; A. Maria van Erp Taalman Kip, "Euripides and Melos," Mnemosyne 40 (1987) 414-419; J.R. Grant, "A Note on the Tone of Greek Diplomacy," CR 15 (1965) 265-6; H.L. Hudson-Williams, "Conventional Forms of Debate and the Melian Dialogue," AJPh 71 (1950) 156-169; C.W. Macleod, "Form and Meaning in the Melian Dialogue," Historia 23 (1974) 385-400.

M01Apr

The Sicilian Expedition

Fornara nos. 145-147

Th. 6.8-53, 60-105; 7.1-87

Plut. Vit. Nic. 11-30; Alc. 13-23 (skim 1-12)

Kagan, PNSE, 157-209, 329-353 (skim 210-328)

See also: Diod. 12.83-84; 13.1-33

Report: The Profanation of the Mysteries: Andoc.; J.L. Marr, "Andocides’ Part in the Mysteries and the Hermae Affairs, 415 B.C.," CQ n.s. 21 (1971) 326-338; C.A. Powell, "Religion and the Sicilian Expedition," Historia 28 (1979) 15-31; A.E. Raubitschek, "The Case Against Alcibiades (Andocides IV)," TAPhA 79 (1948) 191-210;
W03Apr

The Ionian and Decelean Wars; The Four Hundred at Athens

Fornara nos. 148-153, 156

Th. 8

Plut. Vit. Alc. 24-31

Kagan, FAE, 1-50 (skim 51-105)

Meiggs, 351-354 See also: Diod. 13.34-40 Report: Moderate and Oligrarchic Coups: W.S. Ferguson,"The Constitution of Theramenes," CP 21 (1926) 72-75 and "The Oligarchical Movement at Athens," CAH V (1940) 321-347; M. Jameson, "Sophocles and the Four Hundred," Historia 20 (1971) 541-568; Kagan, FAE, 106-210; M.F. McGregor, "The Politics of the Historian Thucydides," Phoenix 10 (1956) 93-102; P.J. Rhodes, "The Five Thousand in the Athenian Revolution of 411 B.C." JHS 92 (1972) 115-127; G.E.M. de Ste. Croix, "The Constitution of the Five Thousand," Historia 5 (1956) 1-23. F05Apr

Return and Fall of Alcibiades

Fornara, no. 159

Xen. Hell. 1 Diod. 13.41-42, 45-47, 49-51, 68-74, 97-103 Plut Vit. Alc. 32-34; Vit. Lys.1-5

Kagan, FAE, 274-324

Meiggs, 354-373

See also: P.A. "Thucydides and Alcibiades," REG 65 (1952) 59-96.

Report: Arginousai and the Trial of the Generals: A. Andrewes, "The Arginousai Trial," Phoenix 28 (1974) 112-22; Kagan, FAE, 325-375.
M08Apr

Lysandros and the Fall of Athens

Fornara nos. 164, 166, 168

Xen. Hell. 2.1.1-2.2.23

Diod. 13.104-107

Plut Vit. Alc. 35-39; Vit. Lys. 6-15

Kagan, FAE, 376-412

Meiggs, 373-374.

W17Apr

Papers Due by 5:00 p.m.

Tu23Apr

11:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.

FINAL EXAMINATION
 
 

Select Bibliography

In addition to the standard texts listed at the top of the syllabus, also see the bibliographies in Hignett’s Xerxes’ Invasion of Greece, Meiggs’ Athenian Empire, and Kagan’s four works on the period. The following selection of articles is deemed particularly important for any further study beyond this course.

Andrewes, A. "The Arginousai Trial," Phoenix 28 (1974) 112-22.

--------. "The Melian Dialogue and Perikles’ Last Speech," Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 186.6 (1960) 1-10. --------. "The Opposition to Perikles,"Journal of Hellenic Studies 98 (1978) 1-8.

--------. "Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War," Classical Quarterly n.s. 9 (1959) 223-239.

Boer, W. den. "Themistokles in Fifth Century Historiography," Mnemosyne 15 (1962) 225-237.

Bradeen, D.W. "The Athenian Casualty Lists," Classical Quarterly 19 (1969) 145-59.

--------. "The Popularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 9 (1960) 257-269.

Bridges, A.B. "The Athenian Treaty With Samos, ML 56," Journal of Hellenic Studies 100 (1980) 185-8.

Brunt, P.A. "The Hellenic League Against Persia" Historia 2 (1953-4) 135-163.

--------. "Thucydides and Alcibiades," Revue des études grecques 65 (1952) 59-96.

Buck, R.J. The Athenian Domination of Boeotia," Classical Philology 65 (1972) 217-227.

Burn, A.R. "Thermopylae and Callidromus," in Studies Presented to David Moore Robinson (St. Louis, 1951) 1.480-9.

Chambers, M. "The Significance of the Themistokles Decree," Philologus 111 (1967) 157-69.

Chambers, M., Gallucci, R., and Spanos, P. "Athens’ Alliance with Egesta in the Year of Antiphon," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 83 (1990) 38-63.

Cole, J.R. "Cimon’s Dismissal, Ephialtes’ Revolution, and the Peloponnesian Wars," Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 15 (1974) 369-85.

Dow, S. "Studies in the Athenian Tribute Lists," Classical Philology 37 (1942) 371-84.

--------. "Studies in the Athenian Tribute Lists. II," Classical Philology 38 (1943) 129-134.

Evans, J.A.S. "The Final Problem at Thermopylae," Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 5 (1964) 231-7.

Ferguson, W.S. "The Constitution of Theramenes," Classical Philology 21 (1926) 72-75.

--------. "The Oligarchical Movement at Athens," Cambridge Ancient History (1940) 321-347.

Fornara, C.W. "On the Chronology of the Samian War," Journal of Hellenic Studies 99 (1979) 7-17.

--------. "The Value of the Themistokles Decree," American Historical Review 73 (1967) 425-33.

Gomme, A.W. "Thucydides ii 13,3" Historia 2 (1953-4) 1-21; Historical Commentary on Thucydides, 432-6.

--------. "Two Notes on the Athenian Tribute Lists," Classical Review 54 (1940) 65-69.

Hammond, N.G.L. "The Battle of Salamis," Journal of Hellenic Studies 76 (1956) 32-54.

--------."The Campaign and Battle of Marathon," Journal of Hellenic Studies 88 (1968) 13-57.

--------. "Origin and Nature of the Athenian Alliance," Journal of Hellenic Studies 87 (1967) 41-61.

Hansen, M.H. "The Number of Athenian Hoplites in 431 B.C." Symbolae Osloenses 56 (1981) 19-32.

Holladay, Journal of Hellenic Studies 109 (1980) 176-82.

Jackson, H.W. "The Original Purpose of the Delian League," Historia 18 (1969) 12-16.

Jameson, M. "A Revised Text of the Decree of Themistokles from Troizen," Hesperia 31 (1962) 310-315. --------. "Sophocles and the Four Hundred," Historia 20 (1971) 541-568. Kallet-Marx, L. "The Kallias Decree, Thucydides, and the Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War," Classical Quarterly n.s. 39 (1989) 94-113.

Knight, W.F.J. "The Defence of the Acropolis and the Panic Before Salamis," Journal of Hellenic Studies 51 (1931) 174-8.

Lang, M. "Herodotus and the Ionian Revolt, Historia 17 (1968) 24-36. Larsen, J.A.O. "The Constitution and the Original Purpose of the Delian League," Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 51 (1940) 175-213.

Lenardon, R.J. "The Chronology of Themistokles’ Ostracism and Exile," Historia 8 (1959) 23-48.

Littman, R.J. and M.L. "The Athenian Plague: Smallpox," Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 100 (1969) 261-75.

Marr, J.L. "Andocides’ Part in the Mysteries and the Hermae Affairs, 415 B.C.," Classical Quarterly n.s. 21 (1971) 326-338.

Mattingly, H.B. "The Athenian Coinage Decree," Historia (1961) 148-188.

--------. "Athenian Finance in the Peloponnesian War," Bulletin de correspondence hellénique 92 (1968) 450-84.

--------. "The Growth of Athenian Imperialism," Historia 12 (1963) 257-73.

--------. "The Peace of Kallias," Historia 14 (1965) 273-81.

Maurice, F. "The size of the Army of Xerxes in the Invasion of Greece, 480 B.C." Journal of Hellenic Studies 1 (1930) 210-35. McDonald, B. "The Megarian Decree," Historia 32 (1983) 385-410.

McGregor, M.F. "The Politics of the Historian Thucydides," Phoenix 10 (1956) 93-102.

--------. "The pro-Persian Party at Athens from 510-480 B.C." in Athenian Studies Presented to W.S. Ferguson (Cambridge, Mass., 1940) 71-95. Meiggs, R. "The Growth of Athenian Imperialism" Journal of Hellenic Studies 63 (1943) 31-34.

Merrit. B.D. "The Early Athenian Tribute Lists," Classical Philology 38 (1943) 223-239.

Merritt, B.D. and Wade-Gery, H.T. "Pylos and the Assessment of Tribute," American Journal of Philology 57 (1936) 377-94. Murison, C.L. "The Peace of Callias: Its Historical Context," Phoenix 25 (1971) 12-31. Noonan, T.S. "The Grain Trade of the Northern Black Sea in Antiquity," American Journal of Philology 94 (1973) 231-242.

Oliver, J.H. "The Peace of Kallias and the Pontic Expedition of Pericles," Historia 6 (1957) 254-5.

O’Neil, J.L. "The Exile of Themistokles and Democracy in the Peloponnese," Classical Quarterly n.s. 31 (1981) 335-46.

Page, D.L. "Thucydides’ Description of the Great Plague at Athens," Classical Quarterly n.s. 3 (1953) 97-119.

Plekt, H.W. "Thasos and the Popularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 12 (1963) 70-77.

Poole, J.C.F. and Holladay, A.J. "Thucydides and the Plague of Athens," Classical Quarterly n.s. 29 (1979) 282-300.

Powell, C.A. "Religion and the Sicilian Expedition," Historia 28 (1979) 15-31.

Pritchett, "New Light on Thermopylai," American Journal of Archaeology 62 (1958)

Quinn, T.J. "Thucydides and the Unpopularity of the Athenian Empire." Historia 13 (1964) 257-266.

Raubitschek, "The Case Against Alcibiades (Andocides IV)," Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 79 (1948) 191-210.

Rhodes, P.J. "The Five Thousand in the Athenian Revolution of 411 B.C." Journal of Hellenic Studies 92 (1972) 115-127.

Robinson, C.A. "Athenian Politics, 510-486 B.C." American Journal of Philology 66 (1945) 243-54. Robison, E.S.G. "The Athenian Currency Decree and the Coinage of the Allies," Hesperia Suppl. 8 (1949) 324-340.

Scranton, R.L. "The Fortifications of Athens at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War," American Journal of Archaeology 42 (1938) 526-36.

Sealey, R. "The Peace of Callias Once More," Historia 3 (1954-5) 325-333.

de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. "The Constitution of the Five Thousand," Historia 5 (1956) 1-23.

de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. "The Character of the Athenian Empire." Historia 3 (1954/5) 1-41.

Seager, R. "After the Peace of Nicias. Diplomacy and Policy, 421-416 B.C." Classical Quarterly n.s. 26 (1976) 249-69. Smart, J.D. "Athens and Egesta," Journal of Hellenic Studies 92 (1972) 128-46. Spence, I.G. "Perikles and the Defence of Attika During the Peloponnesian War," Journal of Hellenic Studies 10 (1990) 91-109. Starr, C.A. "Why Did the Greeks Defeat the Persians?" La Parola del Passato 17 (1962) 321-9.

Stockton, D. "The Death of Ephialtes," Classical Quarterly n.s. 32 (1982) 227-8.

Stockton, D. "The Peace of Kallias," Historia 8 (1959) 61-79.

Westlake, H.D. "The Commons at Mytilene," Historia 25 (1976) 429-40.

--------. "Thucydides and the Pentecontaetia," Classical Quarterly n.s. 5 (1955) 53-67.